A 5 year retrospective study of ocular traumas requiring surgical intervention: a tertiary hospital experience
Author(s): Dass Radha I, Vasava Indravadan G, Gohel Devdutta J
Background: Ocular trauma is known as a major cause of visual morbidity leading to diminished quality of life. The classification of ocular trauma used in our study is based on the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology. Many of such injuries need surgical management ranging from simple eyebrow laceration to a badly traumatised eye.
Aim: The study was aimed to find out the epidemiological pattern of various ocular traumas requiring surgical intervention in a tertiary care hospital.
Material and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in ophthalmology department of Shri M. P. Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar, and Gujarat. The data of surgery performed in ocular injury cases, over a period of 5 years (Jan 2007 – Dec 2011) was collected from the Operation Theatre (O.T.) records. The data was compiled and analysed under various headings to conclude on the epidemiological pattern of the injury.
Result: Total cataract surgeries performed were 47.79% and total ocular trauma cases needing surgical intervention were 42.85%. Incidence of closed globe injuries (CGI) was 95% and open globe injuries (OGI) were 5% with male preponderance. The age most prone for CGI is 0-10 years and OGI showed a bimodal peak.
Conclusion: The study shows that the incidence of ocular trauma needing surgical management is equivalent to cataract surgeries being performed. This hereby implies the high incidence of ocular injuries due to various causes in various age groups. Therefore there is a pressing need to take the required safety precautions for eye care at individual and mass level.