A Study about Clinical Symptoms and Laboratory Signs of Adult and Pediatric Patients with Lophomonas blattarum
Author(s): Mona Talebian, Fariba Berenji, Mahnaz Amini, Sayed Javad Sayedi, Aliakbar Shamsian, Monavar Afzalaghaee, Abdolmajid Fata, Mahmoud Parian, Maryam Nakhaei, Bibi Razieh Hosseini farash
Lophomonas blattarum is an emerging important cause of bronchopulmonary infections. According to previous studies in our region and high prevalence of this infection, we decided to review clinical symptoms and laboratory signs of patients with Lophomonas blattarum who were admitted in Imam Reza and Dr. Sheikh hospitals located in Mashhad, Iran. In this cross sectional study, we reviewed the records of patients with Lophomonas blattarum, who were admitted in different wards of Imam Reza and Dr. Sheikh hospitals in 2014-2016. The checklist and required information were provided for each patient and then were analyzed by using chi-square and Fisher's Exact Test's; finally the results are in tables. In this study, the most common clinical symptoms in adults were, fever (35%), weakness (27.5%), weight loss (27.5%), most respiratory symptoms included coughing (55%), dyspnea (50%), hemoptysis (20%), the most prevalent predisposing of Lophomoniasis was cancer (27.5%), most laboratory signs : increased neutrophil count (67.5%) and lymphocyte reduction (62%). The main symptoms in children were, fever (35.1%), most respiratory signs and symptoms: coughing (85.7%), dyspnea (37.7%), most laboratory symptoms: lymphocyte reduction (39%) and eosinophilia (19.5%). We concluded the most common clinical signs and symptoms and laboratory signs among adults and children were fever, coughing, dyspnea, lymphocyte reduction and eosinophilia.