A Study of Etiological Factors Involved in Acute Pancreatitis in Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital
response to therapy. Nearly 0.0025% world’s population affected by pancreatitis and its prevalence is ever increasing. The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence, causative factors, etiological factors, investigations and complications in patients with Acute pancreatitis admitted in medical and surgical departments of Sree Balaji Medical College, Chromepet, Chennai between October 2013 and October 2015.
Methods: After the ethical permission, fifty patients that were fulfilled the inclusion criteria were enrolled in to the study. Detailed medical history and physical examination was performed and investigated.
Results: Male were severely affected than the females and a direct correlation between the alcoholic (46%) and pancreatitis followed by gallstone (34%). Other factors such as ERCP, Drug induced and trauma also a pivotal role in the disease progression. Of them, 38% of the patients are smokers and 62% are non-smokers. 88% of patients had elevated serum amylase level. Serum alanine transferase was elevated in 11 patients (22%). Hypercalcemia in 4 patients (8%). 56% of patients had no complications. Among the complications sterile necrosis was the commonest (30%)
Interpretation and Conclusion: The study showed that the severity of the disease could be minimized by reducing the alcohol consiumptiom and maintaining the balanced diet.