A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Organ Donation among the College Students in a Selected College at Chennai
Background of the study: According to WHO, organ donation is often the only treatment for end state organ failure, such as liver and heart failure. Globally the prevalence of knowledge of organ donation ranges from 60 to 85%, In India, every year nearly 5,00,000 people die because of non-availability of organs due to lack of knowledge.
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding organ donation among the selected college students in a selected college at Chennai.
Method: The selected study design was pre-experimental design (one group pre-test and post-test design). A purposive random sampling technique was used for the study. The sample size for the study consists of 50 students between the age group of 20-22 years. The data collection period was one weeks. Permission was obtained from the Head of the Department of Nursing to conducting the study. Self-Structured Questionnaires were administered and structured teaching programme on organ donation was given who undergone pre-test. During the slide show session, students asked many doubts and it was clarified. The post test was administered with the same tool to the same group after 7 days.
Result: The study findings shows that 18(36%) had inadequate knowledge, 32 (64%) had moderate knowledge, none of them had adequate knowledge in pre-test. In post- test 20(40%) had adequate knowledge, 26(52%) had moderate knowledge and 4 (8%) had inadequate knowledge. The study findings revealed that there was a significant improvement in the post test. The improvement mean score was in pre-test 7.08 and in post-test was 12.05 with ‘t’ value 7.63 which shows high significant at p<0.05. It shows the effectiveness of structured teaching programme.
Conclusion: The study concluded that structured teaching programme was effective in improving knowledge towards organ donation.