Aftermath of COVID-19: In Terms of Neuro Ophthalmic Manifestations
Author(s): Punya Bharadwaj*, Sonali Choudhari
The Coronavirus is also known as beta Coronavirus, COVID-19 as was first reported in Wuhan city, Hubei province of china in December 2019. However, named SARS-CoV-2 i.e., severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 as this virus resembles phylogenetically with SARS-CoV-2 emerging from the family of human Coronavirus, HCoV-2. It also shows similarity with MERS-CoV-2 (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus), a reason for a major worldwide outbreak in 2011.
COVID-19 caused a devastating pandemic declared as a global health emergency by WHO in March 2020 targeting the same old human respiratory system as SARS-CoV-2 and MERS with no cure in sight as it seemed. In recent years, it did an incredible amount of damage. Obvious enough warranting no mention. With the increasing involvement of various other systems, it has been linked to neuro ophthalmic complications. Due to emerging deaths and disability highlighted these complications which were then masked by other life threatening complications. Symptoms and signs of neuro ophthalmology can manifest alone or in conjunction with neurological diseases.
This article has aims to review various neuro ophthalmic manifestations seen in COVID-19 patients and the pathophysiology leading to these complications.
The following search terms were used to find relevant publications in the PubMed, Google Scholar and Journal of ophthalmology, eye and brain journal and other WHO databases using the relevant. A thorough manual search was made through articles and their references cited. Data and definitions from websites like NCBI and WHO were also taken in order to gain authentic information.