Alcohol Abuse and Incidence of Different Types of Cancer: The Serious Risk of Cancer in Alcohol Consumers
Introduction: Cancer is considered as a major health problem of the century, and as with other chronic diseases, occurs in any person, age group and any race. It is considered as a major health problem affecting the health of the community. Given that the International Agency for Research on Cancer has placed alcohol at the highest risk and as the first group of carcinogens, and so far, there have been few studies in the province of Khuzestan about the relationship between alcohol consumption and the incidence of various types of cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the alcohol abuse in the incidence of various types of cancer and the serious risk of cancer in alcohol abusers.
Materials and Methods: This study included review of 2483 cancer patients from different types. The study is a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive analytic study that included records of cancer patients from different types in each age group and sex, diagnosed with the disease, and cases that had medical diagnosis other than the disease, and the cases that were incompletely filled out were excluded. The data in this study included demographic and clinical data of patients. Data were entered into SPSS software version 20 and analyzed by descriptive, analytical, and significant level of p<0.05.
Results: The mean age of patients was 61.00 ± 43.36 years. The population studied in this study included 2,483 cancer patients. In this study 216 people had alcohol abuse and the rest had no use. Of these consumers, most of the cancer related to liver cancer was 40.2%. In this study, there was a significant relationship between alcohol consumption and liver cancer and gastrointestinal cancers (p<0.05), and patients with these two types of cancer had higher alcohol intake than Other Cancer Patients. Also, consumers more than three times a week, more had gastrointestinal cancers, but consumers had less than three times a week, more had liver cancer.
Conclusion: In this study, cancer patients in several different types, had alcohol abuse. It is necessary to provide, the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education through the mass media, the necessary training for patients in this regard. All the medical science universities through health centers provide patients with a variety of research pamphlets on this subject. It is also necessary to prevent alcohol addiction in any way. And through the therapeutic centers, give the pamphlets about various researches in this regard to patients.