An Elaborate Review on Self-Ligating Bracket System
Author(s): Pallavi Nambiar*, Ranjit Kamble and Karthika Nambiar
With the evolution of orthodontic techniques, the concept of self-ligation is positively received by practitioners all over the world. A self-ligating bracket system is one which does not include the use of elastics or ligature wires. They have an inbuilt mechanism or spring or gate that can be opened and closed by using an instrument or fingertip to keep the arch wire in place. These are four walled rectangular brackets unlike the three walled conventional brackets. The self-ligating brackets have a lumen into which the arch wire of minimum force is engaged. Throughout the treatment a very low force is used. The main benefit of this technique is that the arch wire and bracket have very little friction, allowing for efficient and appropriate tooth movement. It minimises the amount of orthodontist appointments while also improving patient comfort. These are mostly employed in borderline extraction cases when the arch might expand due to the bracket system. As a result, extractions could be avoided in such circumstances. These are classified as active or passive. Current self-ligating brackets appear to be beneficial and are easy to use.