Anterior Tooth Fracture Among Patients Visiting Private Dental College: A Retrospective Study
Author(s): Chris Noel Timothy, Arthi Balasubramaniam*, Sudharrshiny.S
Background: Traumatic dental injuries to the anterior teeth are common occurrences and affect approximately 20-30% of the permanent dentition all over the world. This often affects the aesthetics, phonetics and function. Although commonly occurring in the primary dentition, it also occurs in permanent teeth. Thus, this study aims to assess the prevalence of anterior teeth fracture among patients attending a private dental college.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study, where all the data of the patients were obtained from the patient reports who visited a private dental college in Chennai, India. Data regarding the permanent anterior teeth fracture of the patients with age ranging from 10 to 70 years were collected and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 23.0.
Results: The prevalence of anterior teeth fracture was higher in males (68.9%) than in females (31.1%). Also, the prevalence was found to be high among the age group 21 to 40 years (24.4%). In this study we observed that there is no significant association of age and gender with type of tooth fracture in both the upper and lower anteriors (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Males were found to be more prone to anterior teeth fracture compared to females. The age group of 21 to 40 years were more commonly seen with anterior teeth fractures. Fractures were more commonly seen in the upper anteriors compared to the lower anteriors. Ellis class 1 or enamel fracture was found to be more prevalent.