Assessment of ophthalmic morbidities in school children (6-14 years) in rural community
Author(s): Gohel Aniruddha, Bundela Chintan, Rathod Mittal, Solanki Hiren, Shah Viral, Makwana Naresh, Parmar Dipesh
Background: School children are affected by various eye disorders like refractive errors, squint, Vitamin A deficiency and eye infections. Most of the ophthalmic morbidities originate in childhood and if they are not diagnosed early they may result in severe disabilities and affects children’s performance in the school.
Objectives: To find out prevalence of various ophthalmic morbidities in the school children (6 – 14 years) and to study the socio demographic profile of school children (6 – 14 years) related to ophthalmic morbidities.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 500 school children in schools of Aliabada village, Jamnagar district.
A Pretested semi-structured proforma was used to collect the information related to study and students were screened for eye disorders by visual acuity testing using snellen’s chart and colour blindness was checked by using Ishihara’s chart and torch light examination. Visual acuity was assessed. Data entry and analysis was done using Microsoft excel 2007 and Epi info.
Results: The prevalence of ophthalmic morbidity was found to be 33%. Among the various ophthalmic morbidities, major were refractive errors i.e. 25.6% followed by Vit A deficiency in 8.6% cases and followed by squint 2.4% and various others. The study also found that social class and age were associated with ophthalmic morbidity. It is found statistically significant.
Conclusions: Refractive error was the most common ophthalmic morbidity in the school children followed by Vit A deficiency, squint and various others. In the study we found that social class and age were significantly associated with ophthalmic morbidity.