Association Between Orthodontics and Temporomandibular Disorders
Temporomandibular disorders are muscular and articular disorders. The role of morphological and functional occlusion in the development as a cause for temporomandibular disorder has been a matter of debate for a long time. Occlusal interference, class II, class III malocclusion, anterior open bite, posterior crossbite, and over jet has been related to TMD. The aim of the study is to evaluate the association of orthodontic malocclusion with temporomandibular joint disorder. Data is collected from June 2019 to March 2020 from Saveetha Dental College and hospitals, Chennai. The collected data is tabulated in excel sheet and software analysis using SPSS is done to obtain results. The mean age of participants is 34.86 years. A total of 15 patients were a part of the study. Out of which, 53.33% were males and 46.66% of females. The presence of malocclusion due to TMD was class I (33.33%), class II (46.66%), class III (13.33%). Within limits of the study, there is significant prevalence of TMD in relation to class II Malocclusion.