Association of Diagnostic Test and Type of Response in a Single Visit Root Canal Treatment
Author(s): Monica Antony, Surendar Sugumaran*, Leelavathi L
Endodontic diagnostic tests are important for in treatment planning. The diagnostic evaluation consists of several basic tests like palpation, percussion, periodontal probing, thermal testing- heat and cold and electrical pulp testing. The most rigorous method for evaluating the effectiveness and accuracy of diagnostic tests is by comparing the responses to each test during endodontic single visit root canal treatments. Aim of the study was to assess the different diagnostic tests and their response in a single visit root canal treatment. 2475 data was collected of a study population that underwent diagnostic tests for single visit root canal treatment. This retrospective study was done using the data collected from the case sheet records of Saveetha Dental College; from June 2010 to April 2020. The results were tabulated, and graphs were obtained by using IBM SPSS software. Descriptive statistics and chi square test were done. 50.71% of the males underwent the most diagnostic tests from single visit root canal treatment while 49.29% of the population were females. 47.19% of the population that was more prevalent to undergo single visit root canal treatment were between 21 to 40 years. 36.40% of the tests were conducted among molars as they were more prone to undergo root canal treatment. Cold tests were the type of diagnostic test that were proven to show accurate results. Among them 59.96% of the population underwent cold testing. Diagnosis is an important part of treatment planning. In the study, thermal tests were found to be more accurate among which cold tests were more commonly used. Cold tests gave more accurate results. Proper application of diagnostic tests in clinical situations is important as they are the golden standard of treatment.