Association of Dietary Habits and Parental Reported Sleep Tooth Grinding Among Children in Chennai-A Questionnaire Study
Author(s): Nashwah Hinaz, Deepa Gurunathan*, Nivedhitha MS, Joyson Moses, Mahesh Ramakrishnan
Sleep bruxism (SB) is an oral parafunction characterized by grinding or clenching of the teeth during sleep that is associated with an excessive or intense sleep arousal activity. Bruxism gradually reduces with increase in age. Tooth wear can occur due to various potential factors, among which sleep tooth grinding and dietary habits is one of the factors. The consumption of fruits and vegetables, sweets and chocolates, milk and milk products are related to sleep bruxism. The aim of the study is to associate the dietary habits and parental-reported sleep tooth grinding with tooth wear in children with mixed dentition in chennai. The questionnaire comprised 15 questions which were used to detect the association of dietary habits in children with bruxism. The questionnaire was uploaded on to an online survey platform and results were analysed using SPSS software. Results show that 27.9% children consuming bread and cereals regularly have found to have a habit of clenching teeth, 32.56% children consuming sweet and sugary food regularly clench their teeth and 20.93% children having fizzy drinks once a week have a habit of clenching teeth. Within the limits of the study, it is seen that children consuming bread and cereals, sweet and sugary food, soft/fizzy drinks have a higher incidence of sleep bruxism.