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Changes in Alveolar Bone Dimension after Extraction Sockets and Methods of Ridge Preservation | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Changes in Alveolar Bone Dimension after Extraction Sockets and Methods of Ridge Preservation

Author(s): Saumya Jitendra Kanode* , Anand Narayanrao Wankhede

Abstract

The alveolar process develops during tooth formation and goes through bone atrophy after a tooth or teeth are lost. This could happen because of periodontal disease, periapical pathologies, and mechanical trauma which cause loss of surrounding bone around the tooth. Thus, leads to the resorption of the alveolar ridge. Also, predisposing factors that affect alveolar bone loss following tooth extraction such as age, gender, systemic conditions, facial morphology, and functional stress on the extraction wound. Post extraction complications include loss of function, a reduction in vertical height, horizontal width, ??suf??c?e?t bone for dental implants, and prosthodontics d?f??cu?t?es? It has been noted that the size of the residual ridge shrinks more quickly within the ??rst six months. After extraction, the maxillary arch tended to have more horizontal resorption together with vertical bone resorption than the mandible. In order to achieve successful implant results, both the bone and soft tissue contour should be preserved as well as possible. Alveolar Ridge Preservation (ARP) is considered as a Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) technique for preventing ridge resorption succeeding tooth extraction. The aim is to provide the existing research on alveolar bone loss and tissue alterations in extraction sockets, the effects of age on bone resorption, and different Ridge preservation strategies.

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