Comparison of the Antibacterial Effects of Jaftex Herbal Mouthwash with Matrica and Persica on Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus salivarius and Lactobacillus casei
Author(s): Fatemeh Babadi, Mansour Amin, Nasim Sharafi, Morteza Saki
Introduction: Using herbal mouthwashes improve oral hygiene because of their antimicrobial activity and dental plaque control. The objective of this experimental study was to compare the antibacterial effects between Persica and Matrica mouthwashes, and Jaftex herbal mouthwash.
Materials and Methods: The standard strains of four pathogenic bacteria involved in the formation of dental plaque were used in the present experimental study, including S. mutans, S. Salivarius, S. sanguis, and Lactobacillus casei. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was evaluated by the tube dilution method for each mouthwash, and the growth and non-growth were determined in each tube. The minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was determined for each mouthwash using culturing in tubes, then on Muller Hinton Agar specific gel medium, and, incubation in a specific temperature and period. In each case, the lowest concentration with no growth was recorded as MBC. The data were analyzed by using ANOVA test (p<0.05 were considered significant).
Results: The MIC value of Persica mouthwash was 1 micrograms/ml for all bacteria. This value was higher than Jaftex mouthwash MIC for all four bacteria and Matrica mouthwash MIC for S. mutans and S. saliviris. The MIC value for Matrica and Persica mouthwashes was the same for S. sanguinis and L. casei. Although the MIC and MBC values of Matrica mouthwash for S. sanguinis, S. salivirus and L. casei were higher than Jaftex, they showed the same MIC and MBC value for S. mutans compared to Jaftex mouthwash.
Discussion and Conclusion: Jaftex mouthwash was more effective in inhibiting bacterial growth compared to Matrica and Persica. The antibacterial effects of Matrica the antibacterial effects of Matrica on Streptococcus mutans were similar to Jaftex, and Persica showed the lowest antibacterial effect compared to the two other types of mouthwash. Therefore, its utilization in controlling the dental plaque is recommended.