Comparison of the Effect of Citrus Aurantium and Oxazepam on the Preoperative Anxiety of Patients Candidate for Coronary Artery Implantation Operation
Author(s): Khadije Dehghan, Zohreh Kalani
Preoperative anxiety is the general complains of the majority of patients referring to hospitals for operations. Considering the anti-anxiety effects of some herbs, this study compares the effect of citrus aurantium and oxazepam on the preoperative anxiety of patients Candidate for coronary artery implantation operation. This is a single blind trial. A total number of 66 patients (aged 40-56) who referred to Faghihi and Namazi hospitals, Shriaz for coronary artery implantation surgery were selected and randomly grouped in 2 groups. Three days before operation, the cases of group 1 (33 cases) received 1ml (2 gr) citrus aurantium on daily basis while the cases of group 2 (33 cases) received 1 oxazepam pill (1mg) in one oral dose. The anxiety of all cases was measured using Speilberger questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS 12 as well as independent and paired t-tests. The citrus aurantium group showed a decreased anxiety compared to the oxazepam group but this decrease was not significant [p=0.23]. Citrus aurantium and oxazepam have the same effect on anxiety. Therefore, both can serve as an effective drug for mitigating preoperative anxiety.