Comparison of Traditional and Modern Music Therapy and its Impact on Depression and Aggression in Adolescents aged 13 to 18 years old in Isfahan
Author(s): Mohsen Saeidmanesh, Elham Sharifi
Music is an art that is characterized by the setting and composition of well-sounding sounds, and its beauty and charm is measured in terms of the work that is being performed in the soul and mind of the listener. Music rightfully represents the emotions and subtleties of the people, yet they are happy or suffering. Music actually makes emotions and emotions vow. Where speech and language are not. Music begins because music is an effective spiritual rhetoric that is totally the language of the human mind. The human brain is diverse and is very broad in terms of the level of thoughts and civilizations and emotions, habits and emotions, hopes, desires and desires of every people. It is different and each has its own color. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of traditional and modern music therapy and its effect on depression and aggression among adolescent girls aged 13 to 18 years old in Isfahan. The research is a semi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test design. The population of all adolescent girls aged 13 to 18 years old in Isfahan is randomly multi-stage cluster sampling. Out of high school girls in Isfahan, a school was randomly selected and then 45 individuals were randomly selected and subjected to three groups (15 people), which included two experimental groups, one of which was a group of modern (inactive) Classical pop music was used and the other experimental group was used in traditional music (inactive), which was used by instruments such as Salar Aghili and Ali Zand Vakili, and a control group that did not receive any musical themes. Traditional and modern therapeutic music was performed in 8 sessions of 20 minutes (once a week) and then all three groups were measured in the post-test. Beck Depression Inventory (21 questions form) (1961) and bass and perry (1992) aggression questionnaire were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using SPSS software using covariance analysis. The results of this study showed that modern and traditional music therapy has an effective effect on depression and aggression among adolescent girls aged 13 to 18 years old in Isfahan, with the difference that the confidence level of modern music in reducing aggression is 90% and in reducing society's depression by 20% more than traditional music.