Computed Tomography Imaging in Evaluating Mediastinal Masses?A Diagnostic Approach with Histopathological Correlation
Computed tomography imaging techniques have contributed significantly to the detection, characterization and staging of mediastinal masses. In this study the anterior mediastinum was the most commonly involved compartment (n=17, 56.7%), followed by superior mediastinum (n=16, 53.3%). Cough was the most common clinical symptom constituting 80 % followed by dyspnea 53.3%, chest pain 23.3% and fever 16.6%. In our study, isolated compartmental involvement is common in posterior mediastinum (n=7, 23.4%) followed by superior (n=4, 13.3%) middle (n=4, 13.3%) and anterior mediastinum (n=3, 10%) and Lymph nodal masses formed majority of the cases with 30% and Lymphoma (66.7%) being most common lymph nodal mass.