Correlation between Body Mass Index and Myopia in Medical Student Universitas Sriwijaya Palembang Indonesia
Author(s): Riani Erna, Syarif Husin, Debby Handayati Harahap,Muhammad Prima Cakra Randana4
Myopia is a refractive disorder in which parallel rays that enter the eye fall in front of the retina in the resting eye (without accommodation). Nutritional factors are thought to have a role in the development of myopia where body mass index (BMI) is related to the length of the eyeball, the depth of the vitreous space, and the curvature of the cornea. This study aims to find out the correlation between body mass index and myopia in medical students at Sriwijaya University, Palembang. A case series study was undertaken from September to November 2107 at the Sriwijaya Eye Center Hospital Polyclinic, Palembang.. There are 80 patients with myopia fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The correlation between body mass index and myopia was analyzed using Spearman's rho. Data analysis using SPSS version 18.0. From 80 respondents, 34 people (42,5%) men and 46 people (57,5%) female. Mean age of patients with myopia 24,348 ± 4,424 years old with age range 19-34 years and mean body mass index of respondents with myopia of 23,324 ± 3,463 kg/m2 with range 17,63-32,81 kg m2. In addition, there was no significant positive correlation between the body mass index and myopia (r = 0.133; p = 0.238; n = 80). There was a very weak, non-significant positive correlation between body mass index and myopia in medical students at Sriwijaya University, Palembang.