Correlation Between Diabetes and Completely Edentulous Condition-A Retrospective Study
Author(s): Sagana M, Revathi Duraisamy*, Jeevitha M
Diabetes mellitus is a disease of glucose, fat and protein metabolism resulting from impaired insulin secretion, varying degree of insulin resistance or both. Edentulism is a condition serving as a sign of constant oral and systemic disease process. It is known that the diabetes patients are prone to periodontal disease which is considered as the major reason for tooth loss. So, this study aims to correlate between the patients with diabetes and completely edentulous condition. A total of 392 patients with completely edentulous conditions were included in this study. Data was collected by reviewing patient records and by analysing the data of 86000 patients visited between June 2019 and March 2020. All the required data was recorded and analysed statistically by SPSS software using Chi Square test. From the analysis, it was found that the prevalence of completely edentulous condition was higher in Male patients. The incidence of completely edentulous condition with diabetes was 72%. There was a significant correlation (p<0.05) between diabetes and completely edentulous condition. From this study, we can conclude that the patients with diabetes were more prevalent to completely edentulous condition. Therefore, oral health care providers ought to create more awareness for diabetic patients with correct dental education.