Correlation of atd angle with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus in Gujarati population
Author(s): Pratik N Trivedi, Tulsibhai C. Singel, Urvik C Kukadiya, Vidya K Satapara, Jayesh K. Rathava, Mital M. Patel, Dilip V. Gohil
Introduction: Dermatoglyphics, “derma-skin and glyphe-curve”, is the name given to the study of the ridge patterning of skin of the fingers, palms, toes and soles. Study of the patterns of the epidermal ridges can also serve as an aid to the diagnosis of many diseases, particularly those caused by chromosomal abnormalities. As Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) has genetic predisposition, dermatoglyphics can be used to find out possibility of occurring of disease in future.
Material & Method: The dermatoglyphic patterns of 100 patients (Cases) (50 male, 50 female) of NIDDM between age group of 40-75 years have been taken. Similarly 100 normal healthy individual (50 male, 50 female) without NIDDM of the same age group have been included in the study as controls. The dermatoglyphic prints in present study have been taken by Ink method. atd angle was measured.
Results: Mean atd angle (°) was higher in right hand of cases (43.87°) than controls (40.81°), with P value was 0.002(<0.01). So, it was statistically highly significant while Mean atd angle (°) was higher in left hand of cases (41.58°) than controls (40.27°), with P value was 0.09. So, it was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: From the present study, it can be concluded that there is significant difference in atd angle between NIDDM patients and normal individuals. atd angle can be helpful to find out high risk individuals for NIDDM.