Dengue in Rural setting of Rajasthan-an epidemiological study
Author(s): Preeti Gupta, Kapil Gandha
Background: In India, the disease reflects cyclic patterns, which over the years have increased in frequency and geographical extent. Over the past decade, the cases of dengue have increased more than 20 times; from 650 cases in 2000 to 15,535 in 2009. Considering these facts study was needed to see the epidemiological aspects along with few more objectives.
Aims: 1. To find out the sero-prevalence in rural area of north India 2. Survey and education of community for determinants of dengue fever.3. Imparting training and capacity build-up of the intern doctors and other health workers.
Material and methods: study was carried out during January 2015 to December, 2015 in rural area served by the Rural Health Training Centre run by the department of Community Medicine. Universal sample was taken covering all the houses in the villages under study. House to house survey was carried out by team comprises of intern doctors and field level health workers. Data was entered in Microsoft excel and analysed with SPSS.
Results: The most affected age group was 15 to 50 year, with 11 (44%) in the 20-30 years age group followed by the 10 to 20 year age group, with 05 (20%). The male-to female ratio was found to be 5.25:1. Following the definition for calculation in methodology section above in our study the bretea index was found to be 3.5% and house index was 0.65%.