Dental Health Status among College Students and the Treatment Needs
Author(s): Abhirami K*, Vallig and Karthikeyan MS
Aim: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the oral health status and normative need of college students both from urban –rural population of age group 17-23.
Materials and method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done among 3312 college students belonging to urban –rural population of age group 17-23 in Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu using purposive sampling method. Data entered in Microsoft excel sheet and analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 24. Chi-square test was used for computing statistical significance.
Result: Overall dental caries prevalence accounted to 70% (rural-72.12% urban-68.43%) with a mean DT of (1.14) in the rural population than urban population (1.09) and majority of the student’s required one surface restoration. Periodontal status of the students as measured by community periodontal index (CPI) showed that majority of the student participant (32.66%) had calculus necessitating the need for oral prophylaxis, with the mean CPI index of (1.13) rural than (0.94) Urban.
Conclusion: In this study the dental caries prevalence and the periodontal problem was more in the rural population than the urban population with the one surface restoration and oral prophylaxis as the predominant treatment need.