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Does Audio-visual Information Affect Anxiety and Perceived Pain Levels in Mini-screw Application??A Study in South Indian Population | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Does Audio-visual Information Affect Anxiety and Perceived Pain Levels in Mini-screw Application??A Study in South Indian Population

Author(s): S.P Sarvana Dinesh, Akriti Tiwari *

Abstract

Introduction: During dental procedures, increased anxiety levels in patients is a major problem faced by clinicians. Anxious patients are more likely to be uncooperative while carrying out dental procedures which may frustrate the clinician leading to delay in the procedures. Therefore, the aim of this current study was to assess the effects of verbal and audio-visual information on patients’ anxiety levels before mini-screw placement.

Methodology: 10 subjects who were undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment and required Orthodontic miniscrews for augmenting treatment were chosen for this study. The subjects were allocated in two groups. One group watched a video depiction of mini-screw placement whereas the other group was informed verbally about the procedure. The Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) was used to measure anxiety immediately after mini implant placement. Descriptive statistics using percentages was carried out to evaluate the response of the subjects to Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory questionnaire concerning their anxiety level during placement of mini-implants. Student’s t-test was performed to evaluate the difference of anxiety scores in different groups and independent t-test was performed to evaluate the difference of anxiety scores in between genders.

Results: Student’s t-test was carried out and it was found to be statistically non-significant difference of the anxiety scores (p>0.05). Independent t-test was performed to evaluate the difference of anxiety score between genders and it was found to be statistically non-significant (p>0.05). Descriptive statistics indicated that anxiety level was higher in patients (54.4 %) who were informed about the procedure verbally than the ones who were given an audio-visual depiction of it (46.6%).

Conclusion: It was observed that the subjects who were shown video depiction of the implant placement procedure were less anxious than the patients who were verbally informed about it.

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