Effect of Energy Drinks in Relation to Enamel Dissolution
Background: dental erosion has become a significant public health issue, and it has been linked to an increase in the intake of energy drinks which containing besides calories, other ingredients that effect on general and oral health. Aim of the study: this study was conducted to determine the effect of energy drinks on enamel dissolution in relation to their pH and calcium content. Materials and methods: The sample of this study was consisted of (40) sound maxillary first premolars teeth extracted for orthodontic purpose. The experiment included three study groups which were treated with different types of energy drinks depending on its chemical composition and one control group treated with deionized water .Each group included 10 enamel samples for weight change measurement. PH and calcium content of selected EDs were measured. Result: Enamel samples which were treated with type (C) ED showed the highest percent of weight loss, while control group exhibited slightly weight gain, the statistical difference among different groups was significant. All tested energy drinks were acidic with statistical differences was not significant different. The statistical differences of calcium ion were significant among different types. Discussion: significant weight loss percentage among enamel samples treated with tested energy drinks that might be due to low pH of these drinks cause demineralization .while, high calcium level in energy drinks could aid to reduce the risk of tooth erosion. Conclusion: Energy drinks with a low pH can damage teeth, but high calcium concentrations can help to minimize enamel demineralization.