Epidemiological Factors of Non-traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Complications during Hospitalization in Kermanshah???s Educational Hospitals
Author(s): Reza Fattahian, Nastaran Shahsavari, Masoud Sadeghi
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is one of the diseases with high mortality and morbidity rate. Herein, the study aimed to evaluate epidemiology factors of non-traumatic SAH and complications during hospitalization in Kermanshah’s educational hospitals. From 255 patients with non-traumatic SAH, we checked epidemiologic factors and complications. Two hundred and fifty-five patients with non-traumatic SAH had the mean age of 57 years (range, 11-85 years) and 44.3% were men. The patients with 50-59 years had maximum percentage and 10-29 years with minimum percentage. Among all patients, 32.9% and 6.7% had a history of hypertension and diabetes, respectively. Also, 43.9% patients had aneurysm. Complications during hospitalization occurred in 9% patients that rebleeding and seizure were the most complications in the patients. The results showed that the mean age of SAH was more than 55 years. Approximately 50% SAH patients had aneurysm that size of less than 10 mm was the more prevalent in these patients. Diabetes, smoking and hypertension could be considered as the most important factors in SAH patients. In addition, rebleeding, vasospasm, and seizures were the most complications in SAH patients.