Epidemiology of animal bite cases attending anti-rabies clinic of a Tertiary Care Centre in Southern Rajasthan
Author(s): Manish Jain, Rahul Prakash, Kapil Garg, Rohit Jain, Mahesh Choudhary
Background: Rabies is a viral disease of the central nervous system. It is primarily a disease of warm blooded animals, particularly carnivorous such as dogs, cats, jackals and wolves. It is transmitted from infected animals to humans. Rabies is an important public health problem worldwide.
Aim: To determine the epidemiology of animal bite cases attending anti-rabies clinic of a Tertiary Care Centre in Southern Rajasthan.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 870 patients attending the anti-rabies clinic of M.B. Hospital, Udaipur, and Rajasthan during the period of six months from 1st May 2014 to 31st October 2014. The data were analyzed using Microsoft EXCEL and epi-info7 software.
Results: Among total 870 cases, 664 (76.3%) were male and 206 (23.7%) were female. 204 cases (23.4%) belonged to 11-20 years age group. 626 cases (71.9%) were of class III category. 98.04% bites were by dogs. Bites were unprovoked in 86.2% cases. Most of the bites (77.9%) occurred in lower limbs. 489 bite cases (56.2%) applied indigenous products (lime, chili powder etc.) over wounds before attending the ARV Clinic.
Conclusion: Most of the animal bites were by street dogs. Children were most affected. It is necessary to take specific measures to decrease the incidence of problem and to increase the awareness among people about immediate management after animal bites.