Evaluating the Effect of Group Therapy Based on Coping Strategies in Mental Adjustment of Women with Gynecologic Cancer
Author(s): Sepideh Esmaeil Zadeh, Moloud Radfar, Fatemeh Moghadam Tabrizi
Gynecologic cancer is one of the most important topics of oncology and social medicine. Most people suffering from cancer experience a period of mental and mental stress, which reduces their quality of life and their daily functioning. Group therapy based on coping strategies is one of the most appropriate methods for mental adjustment of these patients. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of group therapy based on coping strategies in the mental adjustment of women with gynecologic cancer, admitted to educational and therapeutic centers of Urmia. This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of group therapy based on coping strategies in the mental adjustment of gynecologic cancer women. A total of 70 women with gynecologic cancer were selected by random sampling method and using a random number table. They were selected after providing full explanation on the research and obtaining the consent of the patients to participate in the research. Each of the subgroups of the intervention group received group therapy based on coping strategies in accordance with the intervention package during the 2-hour eight sessions. Group therapy based on coping strategies affected the mental adjustment in all domains, including cognitive avoidance, fatalism, anxious preoccupation, helplessness/hopelessness, and fighting spirit among women with gynecologic cancer (p <0.001). Group therapy based on coping strategies is effective in the mental adjustment of women with gynecologic cancer. By conducting a group therapy, patients will be helped develop a clear vision for their future by thinking about the future and spend their daily life with hope and vitality without fear of disease.