Evaluation of Antibody Against Leptospira in Horses
Author(s): Farzaneh Fallah Taherpazir, Soheila Moradi Bidhendi, Pezhvak Khaki
Objective: The incidence of leptospirosis in temperate regions is high among farm workers and animals. The disease in animal's causes fever, hemogolobinori icterus, abortion, mastitis and reduces milk production and impaired reproduction and death. Therefore, the condition of this disease and the study of common serotypes are essential for the development of a vaccine, as well as the high prevalence of infection in horses in regions of Iran.
Material and Methods: From 2015 to 2017, 317 serum samples were collected from the horses of Kerman, Zarand, Shahrebabak, Kish, Hashemabad, Soltanabad, Najafabadsemirom, Golpayegan. The serum samples were analyzed by microagglutination test (MAT).
Result: Results showed that in Kerman 80% of serums were positive followed by Kish (70.8%), Zarand (65%), Shahrebabak (58.3%), Hashemabad (57.1%), Soltanabad (57.5%), Najafabad semirom (43.2%) and Golpaygan (13.9%). The predominant serovars observed were Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae (70.3%) and Leptospira sejroe hardjo (24.1%) followed by Leptospira autumnalis (13.1%), Leptospira grippotyphosa (10.9%), Leptospira canicola (13.1%) and Leptospira Pomona (6.5%).
Conclusion: The result showed that leptospiral antibody is present in a number of horses in these areas, and that responsible authorities should pursue the prevention and control of this multi-faceted disease in a more serious way than the spread of the disease in these areas.