Factors attributed to non-adherence of treatment among Tuberculosis patients registered in Jamnagar district, Gujarat
Author(s): Viral Shah, Pradeep Pithadia, Dipesh V. Parmar, Bharat Chavda
Background: Non-adherence to any anti-microbial drug results in to resistance of that particular drug and Anti Koch’s Treatment (AKT) not escaped out of it that leads to serious harm on outcome of Tuberculosis patients.
Aims & Objectives: Present study aimed to identify various factors associated with non-adherence of tuberculosis treatment.
Methods & Material: Total 426 tuberculosis patients had been selected from tuberculosis register of four Tuberculosis Units (TU) of Jamnagar district by Systemic Random Sampling method. DOTS centers were evaluated physically in context of infrastructure and RNTCP (Revised National Tuberculosis control Programme) activity. Personal information and information regarding various factors associated with poor/non compliance of tuberculosis patients had been recorded in pre-structured proforma.
Results: About half of the patients (52.16%) in reproductive age. Mean age of men is 36 years and that of women is 30 years. Ratio of male:female patient was 2.1:1. Total 297 (69.71) sputum smear positive. Total (81.14%) children received INH prophylaxis for their children.