Gender Variations of Patients with Anterior Crossbites
Author(s): Shreya Kothari, Nivethigaa B*, Balaji Ganesh S
Anterior crossbites is defined as an abnormal reversed relationship of a tooth or teeth to the opposing teeth in the buccolingual or labiolingual direction. Early diagnosis and treatment are very essential to avoid complications later in the adult stage. Prevalence of 24%-36% have been reported in orthodontic patients. Varied treatment options are available to treat anterior crossbites. The appropriate method would be to treat depending on the etiology, age, compliance, and space availability. The aim of this study was to assess the gender variations of patients with anterior crossbite. Case records of 89,000 patients were reviewed and analysed accordingly. The sample size was 404 patients with anterior crossbite. Data was tabulated with parameters of name, age, gender, diagnosis, individual tooth relation. Data was imported to SPSS software for descriptive analysis and Chi square test. 58.9% of the population was found to be males and 41% were females. It was also found that 94.3% of the patients had anterior crossbite alone and 5.7% of the patients had coexistence of anterior and posterior crossbites. Chi-square test showed no significance between gender and diagnosis ( p value-0.05). Males were found to have higher prevalence of anterior crossbite and combined anterior with posterior crossbite as well compared to females.