Incidence of Root Canal Treatment in Posterior Teeth and its Association with the Gender - A Retrospective Study
Introduction: Root canal therapy is an efficacious therapeutic strategy to retain teeth with irreversible pulpal damage. Root canal treatment ensures that teeth with irreversible pulpal damage retain their functional role in the oral cavity. Hence the aim of the study is to determine the incidence of root canal treatment in anterior teeth and its association with the gender.
Materials and method: The data of patients reporting to Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals was reviewed and patients with endodontically treated teeth were selected for the study. It included parameters like age, gender, and endodontically treated teeth type. Chi square tests were carried out using gender as independent variables and endodontically treated teeth number as dependent variable. The statistical analysis was done by Pearson chi square test. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Majority (59.8%) of patients was between the age group of 26-50 years, and females (51%) had a slight predominance over males (49%). The most common posterior teeth to undergo root canal treatment were mandibular molars which accounted for approximately 42% of the RCTs among both genders. The Chi square test value was found to be statistically significant (0.001) Conclusion: Majority of the patients undergoing posterior root canal treatment were females, and mandibular molars were the most common posterior teeth to undergo root canal treatment among both the genders.