Incidence of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Tongue: Retrospective Clinical Study
Author(s): Mustafa Mohammed Abdulhussain*, Maha Mohammed Al-Sayyid
Background and Objectives: In oral cavity, the most common malignant neoplasm is the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Usually it represents about 90%–95% of all malignant neoplasms. Although the tongue SCC mostly affects older aged over 40 years of age, the young aged groups can also be affected. The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate the clinical parameters of SCCOT in both young and old aged patients.
Methods: A total of 126 patients were included for this retrospective study. The age groups were divided into three groups, first group <40 years, second group between (40−60 years) and third group ˃60 years. The medical charts and case notes of each patient histologically diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (SCCOT) were reviewed and analysed.
Results: The peak incidence of SCCOT was observed in second group 63 (50%) cases. According to gender, the women experienced more frequent SCCOT than men (64(50.8)/62(49.2)) respectively. The lateral third part of the tongue was more affected than other parts 34 (27%) cases. The higher incidence of poorly differentiated SCCOT was between 40 to 60 years of age group. Sixty patients were cured with combined therapy; surgery and radiation, whereas, only 20 patients were treated by surgery. The remaining other patients were with unknown results.
Conclusion: The most incidence of SCCOT was observed in the age group ˃40 years and the early detection of tongue cancer is very important especially in young aged group and they should be treated early by resection of the primary tumor with surrounding areas of neck.