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Influence of Type of Personality and Bruxism in Children | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Influence of Type of Personality and Bruxism in Children

Author(s): Deepa Gurunathan*, Mahesh Ramakrishnan, Joyson Moses, Nivedhitha MS, Meghana Reddy J.

Abstract

Bruxism is a repetitive jaw-muscle movement characterized by grinding or clenching of teeth in an unconscious manner
while awake or in sleep. Bruxism is mostly found in children aged between 3-10 years, it gradually reduces with increase
in age. Bruxism has a multifactorial etiology, which includes morphological, pathophysiological and psychosocial factors.
Psychosocial factors include anxiety, stress and characteristics of personality. The aim is to do a survey on the influence of
personality and bruxism in children. The questionnaire-based study was carried out among parents with children between
the ages of 1-17 years. The questionnaire comprised 15 questions which were used to detect the personality changes of
children with bruxism. The questionnaire was uploaded on to an online survey platform (google forms) and the link was
shared to the parents. Results show that 39.5% of the parents were aware about the clenching habits of their children and
60.47% parents were not aware. 60.5% clenched their teeth during the night whereas only 30.2% children were clenching
their teeth due to stress and 9.3% clenched their teeth during the day. 23.3% of the children who clenched their teeth during
stress mostly played on their own and 18.6% of the children who clenched their teeth played with a group of friends this
shows the trait called extraversion. 39.5% of the children were worried this shows the trait called Neuroticism , 41.9% were
dependent on their parents for work this shows the trait called Conscientiousness, 41.9% of the children who clenched their
teeth during stress were responsible this shows the trait called agreeableness and 25.6% of the children were interactive
with others. Within the limits of this study it is conclusive that personality traits are important factors that influence bruxism
among children.

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