Investigating the Electroencephalographic Changes in Migraine Patients Referring to Urmia Neurology Specialized Clinics from 2010 to 2011
Author(s): Arash Mosarrezaii, Babak Ahmadi Salmasi, Azam Karimi Asl
Migraine is one of the most common and annoying headaches in today's society. The highest prevalence of this disease is before 40 years of age. Migraine disease is currently diagnosed on the basis of the International Association of Headache criteria. Migraine disease is divided into two types of a common migraine and migraine with aura. Typically, the duration of a common migraine, which lasts 4 to 72 hours, is greater than the duration of migraine with aura, which usually lasts less than 60 minutes. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of changes in the electroencephalogram (EEG) in patients with migraine referred to Urmia neurology specialist clinics. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, electroencephalograms of 80 patients referred to neurology specialized clinics were recorded. In this study, the variables studied included electroencephalogram changes in migraine patients while feeling headache, determination of frequency of migraine pathology patterns in different age groups, determination of the frequency of migraine pathology patterns in different gender groups, positive family history of the patient, response to making hyperventilation and shining a light as well as dependence on sedative that all information obtained from the patient was recorded and investigated in the relevant questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 software. In this study, 67.5% of the subjects were women and 32.5% were men, of which 77.5% had common migraine and 22.5% had migraine with aura. Also out of 80 patients, 70% had a family history of migraine disease and 30% did not mention any family history. In the entire statistical population, abnormal brain waves were recorded from 22.5% of the subjects, of which 7.5% were men and 15% were women. The findings from this study indicate that this disease has a familial affinity, as well as a number of individuals having their own specific brainwaves. Of course, more research should be done to generalize this issue to the whole community.