Investigation of the Barriers of the Promotion to Managerial Positions of Female Faculty Members of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, in Southwest Iran
Author(s): Abdolreza Gilavand, Shirin Mohammadzadeh
Introduction: According to the growing increase in the presence of the girls and women in the universities for the continuation of education, the job promotion is still faced with impediments. Thus, the present study investigates the barriers of female faculty members’ promotion to managerial positions in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, in Southwest Iran.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive-survey research that makes use of questionnaire for the collection of data. The study sample size has been selected based on census method. Out of 245 female faculty members, 138 were administered with the questionnaires. The descriptive and analytical statistics were applied to analyze the data and SPSS Software, version 22, was employed.
Results: Out of 657 faculty members, 245 are women 32 (23%) of whom had managerial positions. The study results presented based on mean and standard deviation indicated that the organizational structure (22.87 ± 7.17), personal factors (20.09 ± 6.10), social factors (13.32 ± 3.87) and organizational culture (12.91 ± 3.84) respectively are the barriers hindering the promotion of female faculty members in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences to the managerial positions.
Discussions and Conclusion: It is necessary for the universities to promote their faculty members to managerial positions without having the gender factor interfered and considering the scientific and intellectual capacities of the faculty members and also via taking into account the legal capacities as well as based on the qualifications of the faculty members. On the other hand, the discussions on culture-building regarding the issue of women’s management in various sectors of the society are of particular importance.