Knowledge and awareness about Congenital Umbilical and Inguinal hernias in infants and children and its complication among parent?s in Madinah, Saudi Arabia
Author(s): Ahmed Abdelghaffar Hamed Helal*, Turki Abdullah Aidh Alahmadi, Hazim Fawzi Hassan Alhelali, Bandar Mubarak Bati Almutairi, Fahad Mohammed Mohsen Alkhulayfi, Ibrahim Abdullah Khashman Almutairi, Bader Musaad Ghalib Alharbi, Abdulrahman Ahmed Sulaiman Alhirbish and Ibrahim Ridha Safwan Alnakhli
Inguinal and umbilical hernias are very common in the pediatric age group, and they can be associated with severe complications. A congenital inguinal hernia (CIH) is an indirect hernia related to failure of closure of the patent processes vaginitis (PPV) at the deep inguinal ring. This study Knowledge and awareness about Congenital Umbilical and Inguinal hernias in infants and children and its complication among parent’s Madina El Monawara, Saudi Arabia. Incidence and age at presentation the incidence of congenital inguinal hernia depends on age. The incidence is highest in premature infants. The incidence may be as high as 60% in infants born at 500e750 g. Nearly one-third of infants with a birth weight less than 1000 g will develop an IH. Term infants have an IH incidence of 3e5%. The overall incidence of childhood inguinal hernia is 0.8 e4.4%. Inguinal hernia repair is considered the most frequently performed pediatric surgical operation. Study aims: To assessment of burden of the parent’s Knowledge and awareness about Congenital Umbilical and Inguinal hernias in infants and children and its risk factor among parent’s in Madina El Monawara. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Madina El Monawara at Saudi Arabia in 2021. Data analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS) our total participants were (474). Results: The study involved 474 participants from the Madina El Monawara population, distribution knowledge about congenital umbilical and inguinal hernias in infants and children and its complications among parent’s show the majority of participant had weak were (46.8%) while average were(44.1%) the data ranged from(0-9) by mean ± SD (4.73 ± 2.1307). Conclusion: A large number our study revealed lack of public knowledge on the predisposing factors for hernia among the study group regarding both congenital inguinal and umbilical hernias. This indicates that further studies are needed to clarify these conclusions. We recommend establishment of an awareness campaign for hernia risk factors among Saudi infants such as social media are required to raise awareness and improve knowledge, attributed hernias to both family history and premature birth. Over half were unaware of any risk factors or complications.