Knowledge, Attitude and Practice concerning Hepatitis B infection among the health care personnel in selected Primary Health Care Centres in Lucknow
Author(s): Mukesh Shukla, Shantanu Tyagi, Neeraj Gupta
Background: Hepatitis B is a major global health problem and one of the most serious type of viral hepatitis, but it can be prevented with strategies like safe and effective vaccination, increasing awareness and by adhering to universal precautions.
Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice concerning Hepatitis B infection among the health care personnel.
Materials and methods: Cross-Sectional study was conducted among health care personnel working at the Primary Health Centres in Lucknow. A total of 89 health care personnel comprising of medical officers, staff nurses, laboratory technicians, pharmacists including class IV workers present on the day of data collection were included in the study and interviewed using pretested questionnaire. Descriptive summary using frequencies, proportions and percentages were used to present study results.
Result: Majority (93.4%) of the medical officers were aware about type of hepatitis in comparison to staff nurses, paramedical staff and class IV workers (20.0%, 21.8% and 4.5% respectively). Knowledge about symptoms of hepatitis B was found minimal (9.1%) among class IV workers and paramedical staff (18.7%) as compared to doctors (80.0%) and staff nurse (35.0%). Only 13.6% of class IV worker had concern to report each and every case of needle stick injury. Practice to strictly follow of universal precautions and biomedical waste management guidelines was found to be least (9.1% and 18.1% respectively) among class IV workers.
Conclusion: The study revealed sub-optimal KAP (Knowledge, attitude and practices) in concern to several aspects of Hepatitis B infection among primary healthcare personnel.