Morbidity Pattern In Rural Area Of Jaipur District (Rajasthan)
Author(s): Mathur Surendra Mohan, Mandarwal Dharmendra, Chahar Brajesh kumar, Swatantra singh
Background: Old experience of “Morbidity pattern of community” is being not given due consideration by the health planners when planning for health problems strategy of India.
Aims and Objectives: The aim of present study is to find out the existing pattern of diseases for which patients do attend a general OPD in a rural area, and to give measures to cut down the health problems burden.
Results: Patients attending OPD of Achrol RHTC attached to Community Medicine Department of NIMS Medical College, Jaipur, constituted children up to 5 years of age 21.6%, between 5-15 years of age-24.52%. Diseases of GIT, of which diarrhea and abdominal pain were the commonest contributed 30.06%, Respiratory system diseases were 28.83% among the patients, Diseases of Skin-15.26% were reported, Nutritional deficiency diseases including Anemia of pregnancy were 9.41%. Malaria cases were reported in 6.16%, Eye diseases were in 5.6%, SOM cases were 2.65% and UTI was diagnosed in 1.96% of total OPD cases.
Conclusion: Faulty nutrition, poor personal, poor home hygiene and poor environmental sanitation are the underlying causes of First Ten Morbidities for which patient do come to OPD of a dispensary or PHC, so our focus of tackling these problems should be the priority of our health planning in terms of preventive and promotive services.