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Morphological study of squatting facets on the neck of the talus in Indian population | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Morphological study of squatting facets on the neck of the talus in Indian population

Author(s): Mayank Javia, Mohit Changani, Jatin Chudasama, Balakrishna Thummar, Jignesh Vadgama, Alpesh Bambhaniya

Abstract

Introduction: Squatting facet at the neck of the talus is the morphological alteration due to habitual squatting position occupied by certain populations.

Aims: Present study was aimed to investigate the squatting facet of the neck of the talus for the purpose of determining the race of the unidentified bone.

Material and Method: Present study was conducted on 221 dry adult human talus for the duration of two years. The bones were obtained from the dead bodies donated to the Department of Anatomy, M P Shah Medical College, Jamnagar.

Results: It was found in the study that the incidence of lateral squatting facet in the Indian population of present study is higher as compared to European, Egyptian and Byzanthine era population, while it is lower as compared to Australian population. Incidence of medial squatting facet in the Indian population of present study is higher as compared to European, Australian and Byzanthine era population. Incidence of combined (lateral and medial) squatting facet in the Indian population of present study is higher as compared to Australian and Byzanthine era population.

Conclusion: These differences in the squatting facets in various populations may be due to habitual squatting position and/or may be due to inheritance and/or may be due to migration of the certain population.

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