Mucormycos is the Deadly Fungal Infection
Author(s): Deepyanti Dubey
Mucormycosis (previously called zygomycosis) is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes. These molds live throughout the environment. Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to ?igh? germs and sickness. It most commonly affects the sinuses or the lungs after inhaling fungal spores from the air. It can also occur on the skin after a cut, burn, or other type of skin injury. Rhino-orbito-cerebral presentation associated with uncontrolled diabetes is the predominant characteristic. Isolated renal Mucormycosis has emerged as a new clinical entity. Apophysomyces elegans and Rhizopus homothallicus are emerging species in this region and uncommon agents such as Mucor irregularis and Thamnostylum lucknowense are also being reported. It is generally spread by breathing in, eating food contaminated by, or getting spores of molds of the Mucorales type in an open wound. These fungi are frequently present in decomposing organic matter such as rotting fruit and vegetables, leaves, and animal manure, but do not usually affect people. It is not transmitted between people. Risk factors include diabetes, lymphoma, organ transplant, iron overload, HIV/AIDS and long-term steroids or immunosuppressant’s.