Nanotechnology in Periodontics: A Review
The emerging science of nanotechnology, especially within the dental and medical fields, sparked a research interest in their potential applications and benefits in comparison to conventional materials used. Therefore, a better understanding of the science behind nanotechnology is essential to appreciate how these materials can be utilized in our daily practice. Nanotechnology is the research and development of materials, devices and systems exhibiting physical, chemical and biological properties that are different from those on a large scale. Nanotechnology offers a broad range of innovations and improvement in prevention, diagnostics, and treatment of oral diseases. Periodontal disease is one of the major dental illnesses that affect millions of people around the globe. It is estimated that 90% of the world population suffers from the disease. Recent nanotechnology advancement and innovations through Nano dentistry are increasingly providing a suitable solution for the treatment of many dental disorders including periodontal disease. This review aimed to provide an overview of the role of nanotechnology in periodontics and to evaluate its applicability in prevention and treatment of oral diseases and also to provide important recent updates on the various nanotechnology-based approaches for periodontal disease therapy. The present review will also help the reader understand Nano science, and its benefits and limitations by addressing its ethical, social, and health implications. Additionally, Nano-applications in dental diagnostics, role in periodontology will be addressed.