Neck-Shaft Angle and the Angle of Anteversion of Femur in Central India Population
Background & Objectives: Femur carries the body weight, supports movements of body and provides attachment for regional muscles in order to carry out myriad of biomechanical functions. It’s pertinent to know the morphometric characteristics of the proximal femur, with the intent of minimizing the risk of complications related to surgical procedures executed in the area. This study was planned to measure the Neck-Shaft Angle (NSA) and Angle of Anteversion (AOA) of Femurs in central India population. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on intact, dried, non-pathological dried Femurs of both gender (n=100). NSA and AOA were measured using Osteometric Board, Goniometer, Vernier Caliper (least count of 0.01 mm) and coloured threads. Results: The AOA was found to be higher in female Femurs and on the left sided Femurs. There was no statistically significant difference in NSA gender or side wise. Conclusion: It is important for medical practitioners to know the normal morphometric values as well as regional variations of Femur in order to understand and treat different disorders of the Femur and hip joint. Findings of our study can be useful in designing femoral implants for central India population for various hip joint surgeries.