Nursing Professional Ethics Education Using a Superior Method: Lecture or Multimedia
Author(s): Khalili Arash, Habibi pour Behzad, Saeedeh Almasi, Neda Alimohammadi, Mohammad Zoladl and Fariba Ebrahimi Horyat
Professional ethics implies abiding by ethical standards of nursing profession; to achieve this, there is a need for an appropriate method of teaching ethics. The aim of this study is to select a preferred method to train nursing professional ethics. A quasi-experimental study of two groups of before and after was used while nursing students were trained into two groups of multimedia software and Lecture. At first, all students were selected based on a census method; then random assignment was used to allocate them to the two groups. The number of samples in each group was 30. Using the nursing professional ethics questionnaire and after verifying the content validity and reliability, the tests were performed in three time spans of before training, immediately after training and four weeks after training. Data analysis was performed using t-test and variance analysis via SPSS software version 20. No statistically significant difference was observed between sex, academic semester, field interest, and knowledge but statistically significant difference was observed between age(p=0/000). The findings a statistically significant difference in mean scores of pre-test and post-test in multimedia group (p=0.025), mean scores of post-test in multimedia and durability of multimedia (p=0.001) and mean score of durability in Lecture and multimedia (p=0.009). Multimedia method is indicated to be more effective to teach professional ethics and can be used as such.