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Osteomyelitis in Pediatric Patients, Isolation of Most Common Bacteria: Our Hospital Study | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Osteomyelitis in Pediatric Patients, Isolation of Most Common Bacteria: Our Hospital Study

Author(s): Najeeb ur Rehman, Raheel Akbar Baloch, Muhammad Faraz Jokhio, Ajmal Khan Silro , Niaz Hussain Keerio*, Mohsin Aijaz Soomro6, Syed Shahid Noor

Abstract

Introduction: Osteomyelitis is a kind of bone infection. Though bacteria are the most common cause, fungus may also play a role. Prognosis of untreated or delayed treatment onset osteomyelitis is often bad and leads to adverse outcomes. Very few Research articles of osteomyelitis are reported from Pakistan as compared to other infectious conditions. In this study we aim to study the number of patients, male: female ratio, type of osteomyelitis and the bacterial profile associated with osteomyelitis. Methods: After obtaining Institutional Ethics approval, the present study was conducted from January 2019 to January 2020 at Orthopaedic department of Peoples University of health and Sciences for Women Nawabshah Pakistan. Blood and sample like fluid aspirate or discharge collected was subjected to microscopy and culture. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done using disk diffusion methods. Radiological data of the patients was also collected. Results: Bacteria were isolated from 35 cases. The most affected age group was of 6-10 years of age (45.73%). Males were more affected as compared to females and male: female ratio was 3:1. Maximum number of patients were of acute osteomyelitis (85.75%) followed by subacute osteomyelitis (11.4%) and chronic osteomyelitis was found in just a single patient (2.85%). Long bones like tibia (56.25%), femur (18.75%), humerus (12.5%) were mostly affected. Blood culture was positive in 65.62% cases. Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA) was the most common isolate (56.25%) followed by, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA), Acinetobacter, Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (CONS), Streptococcus pyogens, E. coli and Pseudomonas. Conclusion: Thus, S. aureus was the most common cause of acute bacterial osteomyelitis and mostly affected school age group children.

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