Photodynamic therapy in the Endodontics
Author(s): Kaustubh Mantri*, Shweta Sedani and Nilima Thosar
Photodynamic treatment is a treatment methodology that was started in 1900; in any case, it was not until the last decade that photodynamic therapy recaptured consideration for its few good elements in “endodontics” used in a microorganism treatment. As of late, a few papers supported its utilization for “root canal treatment”. Idea of photodynamic requires inactivation of microbial exposure which may be endogenous and exogenous particles which is noticeable by light energy, commonly with the typical wavelength in which the red and the near-infrared region are seen. This causes the excitation of photosensitizer bringing about the formation of the singlet oxygen and other oxygen species that respond with the intracellular components and consequently produce cell inactivation and cell death. As of late, photodynamic therapy has been recommended modality for cleaning intracanal, periapical lesions treatment. The recent distribution tried photodynamic therapy for the decrease in the bacterial burden in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo, showing the result. The purpose of the article is to review the existing photodynamic therapy in the endodontics field and its mechanism of action, “photosensitizers” and sources of the light and clinical procedure and its limitations. Conclusion: Even though, “good results” are seen in in vitro studies more in vivo and investigations are required.