Prevalence of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes and its Related Factors in Diabetic Patients Hospitalized in Khatam-ol-Anbia Hospital in Shoushtar, 2014-15: A Retrospective Study
Author(s): Moslem Moslemirad, Mostafa Madmoli, Yaghoob Madmoli, Mehdi Niksefat
Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder. It is estimated that about 2 percent of the general population in Iran and 7.3 percent of people over 30 have diabetes. This disease is associated with multiple short-term and long-term complications, which in many cases is not reversible. This retrospective study was conducted to determine the prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes and its related factors in diabetic patients hospitalized in Khatam-ol-Anbia Hospital in Shoushtar during 1994-95. In this retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study, 1257 patients with diagnosis and history of diabetes were examined from all 19995 patients referring to Khatam-ol-Anbia Hospital in Shoushtar during 2014 to 2015. And the required information was collected through a researcher-made checklist from the records. The inclusion criteria for all diabetic patients were Type One and Two. Pregnant diabetes, cases without diabetes and incomplete cases (213 n =) were excluded. Data were then entered into SPSS software version 17. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Chisquare, T-test, ANOVA and non-parametric tests such as Mann-Whitney and P <0/05 Were analyzed. The sample consisted of 1257 individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes with an average age of 58.6 ± 17.6. Of these, 43.2% were male and the rest were female. Of these, 18.6% had type 1 diabetes and the other type 2 diabetes. People with a weaker economic status were more likely to have type 2 diabetes (P <0.0001). Also, people with lower literacy were significantly more likely to have type 2 diabetes than those with more educated ones (P = 0.002). Due to the relatively high prevalence of diabetes in this study and the fact that people with lower literacy are less likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes, there is a need for a higher education class and education through the media and cyberspace to improve the level of education of these patients. It looks like Also, because prevention is always prioritized, it is therefore recommended that training should be provided to diabetic patients in the field of treatment, prevention, and other necessary training through treatment staff, especially nurses, because of the direct and continuous relationship with Patients should be presented.