Relationship of Physical Activity with Anger and Anger Expression Styles in High School Students
Author(s): Hamza Ali GÃ¶kalp*, Ã–zden TepekÃ¶ylÃ¼ Ã–ztÃ¼rk
The aim of this study was to compare anger expression styles and trait anger levels in high school students who perform physical activities and those who do not. Moreover, an attempt was also made in the study to examine differences in variables related to gender, age, playing digital games, and doing sport as a registered athlete. To achieve the aim of the research, the “Trait Anger and Anger Expression Style Scale” developed by Spielberger et al. (1983) and adapted to Turkish by Özer and a “Personal Information Form” developed by the researchers, were used. The sample of the study consisted of 205 students (104 female and 101 male participants) who performed or did not perform physical activities and studied at schools operating in the province of Manisa. Data were evaluated using frequency, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and Pearson correlation and t-test analysis techniques. According to the research findings, it can be said that performing physical activities is important in terms of controlling and reducing the effects of the feeling of anger, which can have a negative impact on individuals’ lives. Moreover, lack of physical activity and playing digital games can be evaluated as an important parameter that negatively affects anger and the factors related to anger.