Retrospective Analysis of Incidence of Dental Caries in Anterior Teeth between Males and Females
Aim: To analyse the incidence of dental caries in anterior teeth between males and females. Introduction- In India, the prevalence of dental caries is reported to be 50-60%. Dental caries are preventable, above all in the early stages. Because of insufficient awareness on prevalence of dental caries and its preventive measures, the condition is still found to be sustaining in communities of both genders. Hence the current study analyses the incidence of dental caries in anterior teeth between males and females. Materials and methods: The study consists of 5713 individual’s case sheets with the age range of 18 to 70 years. Datas were collected from patient’s databases using DIAS. The data was further analyzed for class III mesial and distal caries and class IV mesial and distal caries. The collected data was tabulated and imported to SPSS. Results- Males are affected more than females. Class III mesial caries is most common followed by class IV mesial, class III distal and class IV distal. Tooth number 11 and 21 was highly prone to dental caries among anterior teeth. Males are highly affected with class IV mesial caries and females with class III mesial caries (significant; P<0.001). 11 and 21 is highly prone to class IV mesial caries followed by class III mesial, class IV distal and class III distal caries (significant; P<0.001) Conclusion: This study signifies the importance of educating the patient about oral hygiene practices and prevention methods through assessment of anterior tooth caries.