Retrospective Analysis Of Prevalence of Gingival Recession in Severe Crowding Cases Patients Reporting to a Teaching Hospital in Chennai
Author(s): Remmiya Mary Varghese* and Prabhav Kumar Iyer
Introduction: Crowding is one of the most common forms of malocclusion. It is usually seen in the anterior region. Crowding
mainly occurs in places where there is a discrepancy between the arch dimension and the size of the teeth there have been
reports of gingival recession due to malocclusion in the early stages of development, but there are only few extensive studies
about the topic. Hence, the aim of this study is to see the incidence of gingival recession in patients with severe crowding.
Materials and methods: Out of the 11687 patients who reported to a dental hospital that were diagnosed with crowding,
532 patients with severe crowding were selected. Details like their age, gender, the location of gingival recession and the
location of crowding were recorded, tabulated and imported to SPSS for statistical analysis.
Results: 47.8% of the participants were male and 52.2% of the participants were female. There was a significant association
between gender and location of crowding (p<0.05). There was no significance between age and crowding and age and
location of recession.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the incidence of gingival recession is higher in females who have severe crowding. A
newer study with a population of more diverse participants can yield different results.