Retrospective Analysis of Traumatic Dental Injuries in Saudi Children: An Institutional Study
Author(s): M Zakirulla*, Turki M Al-Shehri, Dhafer Ali Alasmari, Mohammed S Alalyani, Turki A Alasmari, Malak A Asiri, Demah S Alharthi, Nouf A Assiri, Naif A Assiri, Sami Mohammed A Al Awwadh, Wajed T Alhamrani, Faten A Alshahrani, Mohammed H Alasmari, Yasser M Alqahtani and Hafiz M Hakami
Aim: This study aimed to analyse data from the records of the past five years of Saudi children seen in the dental trauma emergency clinic in College of Dentistry King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: The current study was a cross-sectional observational analytic study. Our study includes the records of children having age groups of 2 to 12 years who visited the Department of Pediatric Dentistry in the College of Dentistry King Khalid University, from January 2015 to December 2019 as a result of pediatric TDI. Trauma records were obtained based on the Andreasen and Andreasen classification (1). The clinical Information regarding (i) Age, (ii) Sex, (iii) Most affected teeth, (iv) Cause of injury (falls, impact against a hard object or collisions, traffic accident, sport, and game accident, abuse), (v) Monthly distribution of trauma, (vi) Type of trauma (9), (vii) Time elapsed following injury, and (viii) Treatment was recorded. The data were entered and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 20). A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The dental trauma records of patients with an average age of 8 years, including 54 girls (40.9%) and 78 boys (59.1%), were evaluated. The most common cause of trauma was falling (61%). Enamel/ Dentin fracture was the most common type of dental hard tissue fracture around 53 (40.1%). In the category of periodontal tissue injuries, intrusive luxation injury (12.1%) was the most common. Conclusions: Our research disclosed that boys were exposed to more traumatic injuries, and the most crucial factor in traumatic injuries is falling. Therefore, teachers, pediatricians, parents, and children should be cautioned about probable dangers and emergency treatments for all age groups on dental trauma.